SOP 05: Factors Guiding the Treatment Planning Process

Music therapy referrals are based on non-musical needs, such as mental health, behavior modification, academic learning, reality orientation, neurological rehabilitation, or daily living skills. These and many other goals, along with more specific objectives and music therapy strategies, are developed as part of an individualized treatment plan after “systematic, comprehensive, and accurate information” has been collected as part of a thorough music therapy assessment. The individualized treatment plan determines the “appropriateness and type of music therapy services to provide,” and is based on clinical assessment, as well as the best available research, the music therapist’s clinical expertise, and the client’s input. “A music therapist is respectful of, and responsive to the needs, values, and preferences of the client and the family.” Music therapists may collaborate with the primary care provider (PCP) and other professionals to provide integrated care, and will make referrals to other professionals if “faced with issues or situations beyond the original clinician’s own practice competence, or where greater competence or specialty care is determined as necessary or helpful to the client’s condition.”